● no matter how old you are, even at the age of 60, if you, you can get yourself more than three years of healthy life.
● five categories of people who need to quit early include couples who want children, mothers-to-be and fathers-to-be, people with cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, people with respiratory diseases and people with cancer.
Professor Chen rongchang, deputy director of guangzhou institute of respiratory diseases, the first affiliated hospital of guangzhou medical college
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May 31 is world no tobacco day. Recently, sponsored by the Chinese center for disease control and prevention health education center, the ministry of health of china-japan friendship hospital, assisted by the first affiliated hospital of guangzhou medical college “to quit smoking for an hour, and healthy man” as the theme of the series of activities in Beijing, Shanghai, guangzhou and so on more than 10 cities gradually developed, and the relevant experts to attend the visit, and quit smoking volunteers face to face, “secret” to teach science to kick the habit. The reporter learned from the campaign that only 3 percent of smokers who have smoked for many years can maintain their success rate for more than a year if they quit just by their own will. However, with the guidance and treatment of a regular doctor, the success rate can at least double.
After 15 years of quitting smoking, your health will return to normal
It is an indisputable fact that smoking is harmful to health. The world health organization has warned that about half of all smokers will eventually die from diseases caused by smoking. China has an estimated 350 million smokers and one million people die each year from tobacco-related diseases, more than AIDS, tuberculosis, traffic accidents and suicide combined. If current smoking is not controlled effectively, the number of related deaths will rise to 2 million in 2025 and 3 million in 2050. Between now and 2050, 100 million Chinese will die from tobacco-related diseases, half of whom will die in middle age (35-60 years old), a loss of 20-25 years of life. The number of people exposed to passive smoking is as high as 540 million, including 180 million children under the age of 15.
“Tobacco can damage almost every organ in the body, such as the cardiovascular system, respiratory system, reproductive system, endocrine glands and skin. “The greater the amount of smoking, the longer you smoke and the earlier you start smoking, the greater your risk of smoking-related illnesses and deaths.” “It’s never too late to quit smoking,” said Chen rongchang, deputy director of the guangzhou institute of respiratory diseases at the first affiliated hospital of guangzhou medical college. “No matter how old you are, even if you are 60 years old, if you quit smoking, you may gain yourself more than three years of healthy life.”
The success rate of quitting smoking is high
According to statistics, in the people who quit smoking, the success rate of quitting and staying for more than a year by willpower is only 3%. Modern medicine has proved that the failure of most smokers to quit is not due to their lack of willpower. “Quitting smoking by willpower alone is not enough. It also requires seeking professional help from a hospital, receiving guidance and treatment from a qualified doctor. Through a combination of psychological, behavioral and medication treatments, withdrawal symptoms can be alleviated and relapse rates can be greatly reduced.” Mr Chen said.
Studies show that about 70 percent of successful smokers can be attributed to their doctor’s help. “With a combination of treatments, you can at least double your success rate.”
Use food wisely to help you quit:
Chen rongchang recommended several foods with functions of clearing heat, removing phlegm and moistening the lungs, which are very specific to some uncomfortable symptoms caused by smoking:
Tremella: with runfei phlegm, nourishing Yin shengjin role. Make dishes or stew edible, can treat Yin deficiency dryness, dry cough without phlegm or phlegm more sticky, pharynx dry thirst and other diseases, with lily soup edible effect is especially good.
Radish: it has the function of clearing heat and eliminating phlegm, producing saliva and relieving cough, and beneficial to stomach and eliminating food.
Pear: sweet and juicy, has qingrejiedu, runfei shengjin, cough and phlegm, many edible methods, raw food, juice, stew or boil made paste on the cough and other diseases have a good therapeutic effect. If and water chestnut, honey, sugar cane juice with the same service, better results.
Many smokers have six misconceptions
As we all know, smoking is a risk factor for many diseases. Diseases and diseases related to smoking include hypertension, stroke, peptic ulcer, cancer, COPD, asthma, impotence, myelogenous leukemia, pneumonia, periodontal disease, etc. In 1998, China organized a retrospective survey of 1 million deaths and a follow-up survey of 250,000 people. Both surveys showed that 45% of deaths from smoking were caused by COPD, 15% by lung cancer, 5% ~ 8% by esophageal cancer, gastric cancer, liver cancer, stroke, CHD and tuberculosis.
However, in real life, many smokers have misconceptions, which affect their desire to quit smoking or lead to quit and continue to smoke, the common misconceptions are as follows:
With filters, less tar content is “good smoke”, the harm is also small.
Low tar does not mean low hazard. People who smoked low-tar cigarettes had no reduction in smoking-related illnesses; There was no change in the levels of carcinogens in the urine of smokers who smoked cigarettes with different levels of tar; At the same time, as the tar consumption of cigarettes decreases, the corresponding nicotine level decreases, leading to smokers in order to get more nicotine and increase the amount of smoking, and the depth of smoking also increased. In addition, low tar cigarette still makes smoker generation fluke psychology, think is low harm, more not easy to quit.
Erroneous zone 2:
Smoking helps to keep you slim, but it can actually lead to weight gain.
Because the nicotine in tobacco itself has the effect of suppressing appetite, tobacco has a certain destruction effect on the taste buds on the tongue, so when you eat food, you will not be able to taste the food. But using this method to maintain weight is a dangerous practice. Want to reduce weight friends, or through exercise and dietary habits to achieve the goal.
In addition, some people do gain weight when they stop smoking. Generally speaking, the weight gained is 3 to 4 kilograms. But as long as you change your diet, eat less fatty, high-calorie foods, and do more exercise and physical activity, you can certainly lose weight.
Some people can smoke all their lives without a problem.
Everyone’s constitution is different, so tobacco is unlikely to cause 100 percent of smokers to develop lung cancer or die young. But there is no denying that tobacco does kill many people, and the risk of lung cancer and other diseases among smokers is much higher than that of non-smokers. It is unwise to think that smoking may be harmless merely on the basis of individual phenomena around us.
Young people need not worry about lung cancer.
In fact, smoking can cause at least ten different types of cancer, and lung cancer is just one of them. And every kind of cancer can happen at any age. In addition, the carcinogenic effects of smoking often take years or even decades to show up, so the absence of cancer in the young does not mean the absence of cancer in the future. Scientific research shows that among long-term smokers, half will die from smoking-related diseases.
It’s easy to quit smoking. You can quit if you want to.
This is wrong. Nicotine in tobacco is a highly addictive substance. Once you become addicted to smoking, as with any addictive substance, it can be difficult to get rid of it completely. There are two epidemiologists in the UK, who have been tracking nearly 40,000 registered clinicians in the UK since the 1950s, for 50 years. When the study began, the doctors’ smoking rate was 70 percent.
The results tell doctors that if they smoke, they will develop lung cancer and coronary heart disease, just like their patients, even though they have a good income and the best medical care. If you don’t quit smoking, you will also die 10 to 15 years earlier. Doctors got this knowledge, and they began to quit smoking, but the same study observed that even among doctors with coronary heart disease, fewer than half were able to get rid of nicotine dependence. So quitting smoking is not an easy thing. In a large sample of people, it takes an average of seven to ten attempts for someone to quit.
On the other hand, it’s hard to quit, but in Canada and Australia, the number of smokers who quit two years ago surpassed those who still smoke. Tens of thousands of people quit smoking every year. “As long as you know the right way to quit, you can quit successfully.” Mr Chen said.
I failed to quit smoking. I’m sure I can’t quit smoking.
The process of quitting smoking is relatively long. Nine out of ten quitters will fail to quit by themselves. Most of them have to quit several times before they succeed. The fact that you’ve been able to stop smoking for a while is a success in itself. Don’t be discouraged, reencourage yourself, and plan a new venture as soon as possible.
Five groups of people need to quit early
The following five groups of people need to quit smoking under the guidance of a professional doctor:
1.Couples who want children:
women who smoke take longer to conceive than non-smokers. Heavy smoking by male partners and secondhand smoke exposure were also associated with delayed conception, and infertility treatment was less likely to be successful.
2. Mothers-to-be and fathers-to-be:
Women who smoke not only have more difficulty conceiving, but are also more likely to have a termination due to smoking complications. Women who smoke during pregnancy have a higher risk of miscarriage, complications, premature delivery and other problems.
Smoking during pregnancy is harmful to the fetus. Babies born to mothers who smoke during pregnancy are generally underweight because the nicotine in tobacco smoke constricts blood vessels in the umbilical cord and uterus, reducing the delivery of oxygen to the fetus, resulting in a low birth weight. Low birth weight is a major cause of infant death, in many cases caused by smoking. In addition, the harmful effects of smoking on fetuses during pregnancy can extend from infancy to childhood. Babies born to mothers who smoke during pregnancy and after childbirth are three to four times more likely to die of sudden infant death syndrome (sids) than nonsmoking women.
3. Patients with cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases:
Smoking is easy to cause cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. In Asia, smoking increased the risk of death from coronary heart disease by an average of 76 percent, according to the APCSC study. In addition, smoking increased the risk of ischemic stroke by 90 percent; Increases the risk of sudden death by more than three times.
4. Patients with respiratory diseases:
Damage to airways caused by tobacco smoke is related to the occurrence of a variety of lung diseases. The major non-cancerous lung diseases caused by smoking are chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, which includes chronic bronchitis and emphysema, as well as asthma, respiratory bronchiolitis, community-acquired pneumonia and several types of interstitial lung disease. For people who already have respiratory problems, continuing to smoke is adding fuel to the fire.
5. Cancer patients:
Smoking increases the risk of all types of lung cancer, and more than 60 of the more than 4,000 chemicals in tobacco smoke are known carcinogens, so cancer patients must stay away from cigarettes.
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